Who Invented The Internet? Internet History: 2000–2009 Timeline (Part 7)

Jules Sterling
Updated: February 10th, 2024
20 min read
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Who Invented The Internet? Internet History: 2000–2009 Timeline (Part 7)

Update: This article is part of a series. Check out the full series: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6

The Beginning of the Dot Com Era

The early 2000’s were a period of swift change and enormous growth in internet history. This time period witnessed the dramatic rise and fall of the Dot-com bubble, the introduction of groundbreaking social media and search platforms like YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter, and the roll-out of revolutionary technologies like the iPhone and 4G networks. Read on for a look at the stories of influential figures like Satoshi Nakamoto, who introduced Bitcoin, and companies like Google and Apple that continued to push the boundaries of innovation.

2000

One of the worst crises for tech and internet companies happened in 2000. The “Dot-com bubble burst” happened on the stock market, because too many people started investing in technology and internet companies due to the growth of the internet. The height of the bubble was when the NASDAQ stock index reached 5132. This caused the crash of many startups. From 2000 to 2002 the bubble caused a total loss of $5 trillion for various tech companies.

Source: Wikipedia

The first large-scale DDos attack was launched in 2000 by Mike “MafiaBoy” Calce. The attack combined a total loss of over $1 billion and targeted companies like Yahoo, Amazon, eBay, Dell, and CNN. This event showed just how important internet security is and that even a 14-year-old boy can cause serious issues when he knows what he’s doing.

Source: Cnet

A social networking website for young adults and teenagers, “Habbo”, was launched. This video-game-like online community showed how creative the internet can be and that even younger generations can have a lot of fun on it.

Source: Wikipedia

An online advertising site by the name of “Google Ads” is launched by Google. It was the first online advertising platform that offered a lot of different marketing options.

Source: Wikipedia

A game development company Maxis launches the “Sims” game through Electronic Arts. This was one of the first globally popular simulation games where players created virtual people and their home. Players could customize characters, change their living space, and control their careers and social life.

Source: Wikipedia

The African father of the internet, Professor Nii Quaynor, starts his own training workshop focused on the African Network Operators’ Group. His training efforts have a great impact on the growth and development of the African internet.

Source: NewAfrican

People
Mike “MafiaBoy” Calce – born in Montreal, Canada in 1986. Calce became known as a 14 year old kid, when he launched a large-scale DDOS attack (denial of service attack) in 2000. He targeted some of the largest sites of the time, including CNN, eBay, Dell Inc, Amazon, and so on. Calce was sentenced to an 8-month open custody for his acts. He is currently a known security expert.
Source: Wikipedia
Nii Quaynor – date of birth unknown. This Ghanaian engineer and computer scientist had an instrumental part to play in bringing and developing the internet around Africa. He was the Board Director of ICANN, member of the Internet Society, National Information Technology Agency Chairman of the Board.
Source: ICANNWiki

Technologies & companies
Dot-com bubble – the tech bubble, or dot-com boom. This stock market bubble caused the collapse of many different tech companies from 2000 to 2002. It was caused by heavy market investment in tech companies. The Nasdaq Composite stock index grew by over 400% from 1995 up to 2000 and fell by 78% in just a month.
Source: Wikipedia
DDos attack – denial-of-service attacks are computer attacks where the attacker tries to make a network or device unavailable by disrupting the services of the host. This is usually done by sending a large number of requests to a network or machine to put a strain on the system and make it impossible to handle legitimate requests.
Source: Wikipedia
AdWords – this platform is now called Google Ads. It’s an advertising site where people can pay to create different types of advertisements, videos, product listings, or service offerings. The ads can be placed on search engine results or on websites, videos, and mobile apps. The advertiser pays for their ads per each click – the PPC model.
Source: Wikipedia
The Sims video game – a series of a simulation video game released in 2000 by Electronic Arts and developed by Maxis. It’s one of the first simulation games and a top-selling video game with over 200 million sales. It’s a sandbox game in which players create their “Sims” – characters and control their lives.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
25,632,018 hosts
26,993,431 domain names
10,371,777 websites
361 million Internet users

2001

Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales launched Wikipedia in January. The first commercially successful online encyclopedia that wasn’t only open source but free for all to use and update.

Source: Wikipedia

Lawrence Lessig led the project on building Creative Commons. Within the Harvard Law School Professor’s team was Aaron Swartz, who made some major contributions to the Creative Commons open architecture. This architecture reduces various barriers for reusing and sharing various educational and research materials.

Source: Wikipedia

Mike Bergman coined the term “Deep Web”. He came up with the phrase while leading Bright Planet, a data collection company. This term was used when they were looking for web data that wasn’t indexed.

Source: Computer Hope

Google introduced its “Image Search” that instantly gives users access to more than 250 million images on the internet.

Source: Wikipedia

XM Radio made its services commercially available to the public. This was a satellite radio connected to the internet.

Source: Wikipedia

The first Apple earbuds and the iPod are presented by Apple Inc. Nobody knew just how successful these would be at the time.

Source: Apple

People
Jimmy Wales – born in Huntsville, Alabama in 1966. A successful internet entrepreneur that founded two important online encyclopedias. He co-founded Wikipedia which is a nonprofit, and Fandom that’s a for-profit company. Even though Larry Sanger was the co-founder of Wikipedia, Wales never wanted to admit they created the site together.
Source: Wikipedia
Larry Sanger – born in Bellevue, Washington in 1968. As an internet project developer his most recognized work is the development of Wikipedia. He created the governing policies for Wikipedia and came up with the name. He also worked on other educational sites like Everipedia, Citizendium, and Nupedia.
Source: Wikipedia  
Aaron Swartz – born in Highland Park, Illinois in 1986.  He was a computer programmer, internet hacktivist, and political organizer. He helped develop RSS, Creative Commons, and put Reddit where it is today. He also helped with the formation of Progressive Change Campaign Committee and a group called the Demand Progress that wanted to make internet piracy legal. Swartz committed suicide in 2013.
Source: Wikipedia
Mike Bergman – date of birth unknown. An internet entrepreneur, consultant, and scientist. He was the founder of BrithPlanet, chairman, and CTO. He also founded VisualMetrics and TheWebTools Company. He was also the Chief Executive Officer of Zitgist LLC and Structured Dynamics LLC.
Source: MKBergman

Technologies & companies
Creative Commons – a large educational network and nonprofit organization. Since its formation the goal was to give more people access to creative work and give education to individuals. Creative Commons has given free licenses to the public to help them copyright their work.
Source: Wikipedia
Deep web – also known as hidden web or invisible web. It includes online data and websites that aren’t indexed by mainstream search engines. All the contents of the deep web are hidden with HTTP forms. Some people say that this is the “free web” and as the internet should have been. Others say that it’s only the place people go to when they want to engage in illegal activity.
Source: Wikipedia
Google Image Search – also known as Google Images. This Google service lets internet users search the WWW for images. When launched, this service had over 250 million indexed images. But by 2010, the number of indexed images surpassed 10 billion. In 2011 Google added the reverse image search and let people discover the origins of an image or what it represents.
Source: Wikipedia
XM radio – the XM Satellite Radio was one of the first Online satellite radio services in North America. It was launched and managed by Sirius XM Holdings. But it quickly expanded to offering TV channels as well and had a total of 73 music channels, 23 sports channels, and 39 news channels.
Source: Wikipedia
iPod – the first iPod was released in 2001 by Apple Inc. At first, it was a portable media player that could be used for listening to music. Subsequent versions could also play video files and they ultimately grew into small computers that people can buy today. They aren’t that popular today, but they held a large market share throughout the 2010s.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
36,249,374 hosts
30,969,311 domain names
13,462,537 websites
513 million Internet users

2002

eBay acquired PayPal. Up until that moment, PayPal had been doing well on its own, but this acquisition was a decisive moment that propelled PayPal into the large payment platform we know today.

Source: Wikipedia

Reid Hoffman started working on a business network called LinkedIn. By May 5th, 2003, Hoffman launched his new network that would become the proving grounds for internet professionals and other industry leaders.

Source: The Linked In Man

Nepal was connected to the internet by Mahabir Pun and his associates from Europe and the US. Using homemade antennas and long range wireless links he was able to connect a small village in Nepal to the internet. This was just the beginning and it led to the formation of the Nepal Wireless Network that connected more than 175 locations to the web.

Source: Everys

People
Reid Hoffman – born in Palo Alto, California in 1967. A distinguished author, investor, and internet entrepreneur. He is best known as the founder and chairman of LinkedIn, a social network for business. He is also one of the partners at the Greylock Partners venture capital firm.
Source: Wikipedia
Mahabir Pun – born in Myagdi District, Nepal in 1955. He is a respected teacher, activist, and social entrepreneur. He is the leader of the Nepal Wireless Networking Project which was instrumental in bringing internet connectivity and wireless technology in Nepal and its rural areas around the Himalayas.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
LinkedIn – a business social network designed for business networking and employment. People can post their portfolios, look for jobs, and companies can offer job listings. LinkedIn makes most of its profits by selling information to sales experts and recruiters. In 2020, LinkedIn recorded over 706 users from 150 different countries.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
35,518,063 hosts
31,580,000 domain names
16,626,205 websites
587 million Internet users

2003

Apple launches its iTunes Music Store. This was the first music web store that legally sold music coming from some of the largest labels in the world. Even though the store initially had around 200,000 songs available, it developed quickly, as all the labels continued adding the songs of their artists. In just 24 hours, the store sold over 250,000 songs that could be played on iPods.

Source: The Telegraph

Hutchison Telecommunications launched the first publicly available 3G network.

Source: History of GSM

Andy Rubin founded Android in October.

Source: Wikipedia

A company from Luxembourg called Skype Technologies launches its online communication software “Skype”. The company was founded by Janus Friis and Niklas Zennstrom with this single vision.

WordPress was launched by co-founders Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little.

Source: Wikipedia

MySpace was launched and in just a couple of months it became the largest social network on the internet. In 3 years, the total number of accounts was over 100 million. The co-founders of MySpace are Jon Hart, Chris DeWolfe, and Tom Anderson.

Source: Wikipedia

Apple Inc launched its own mobile internet browser for iOS devices called Safari.

Source: Wikipedia

One of the most popular peer-to-peer platforms, “The Pirate Bay” or TPB, was launched in November.

Source: Wikipedia

People
Reid Hoffman – born in Palo Alto, California in 1967. A distinguished author, investor, and internet entrepreneur. He is best known as the founder and chairman of LinkedIn, a social network for business. He is also one of the partners at Greylock Partners venture capital firm.
Source: Wikipedia
Andy Rubin – born in Chappaqua, New York in 1963. He’s a venture capitalist, computer entrepreneur, programmer, and an engineer. Known as the founder of Playground Global and CEO. He also co-founded Android Inc. and Danger Inc.
Source: Wikipedia
Matt Mullenweg – born in Houston, Texas in 1984. This web developer and businessman is best known for creating WordPress, an open-source and free-for-all web software. Mullenweg dropped out of college to work for CNET for two years, after which he founded Automattic. This company created Tumblr, WordPRess.com, Gravatar, IntenseDebate, and Akismet.
Source: Wikipedia
Mahabir Pun – born in Myagdi District, Nepal in 1955. He is a respected teacher, activist, and social entrepreneur. He is the leader of the Nepal Wireless Networking Project which was instrumental in bringing internet connectivity and wireless technology in Nepal and its rural areas around the Himalayas.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
iTunes store – a digital media store created by Apple in 2003. This software-based digital marketplace has been launched predominantly for music. It currently has over 60 million different songs that people can buy legally. However, over time the store expanded and it now has mobile apps, movies, and TV shows. It was the first legal digital marketplace for music when it opened.
Source: Wikipedia
3G – the 3rd generation wireless mobile telecommunications technology is an upgrade of 2.5G GPRS and 2.5G networks. It helps transfer data faster and is based on many different standards for mobile telecommunications and mobile devices. 3G is used for mobile TV, video calls, wireless internet, mobile internet, and wireless voice telephony.
Source: Wikipedia
Skype – a telecommunications app that allows voice calls and video chat between mobile phones, tablets, computers, laptops, and smartwatches using the internet. It was released initially in 2003 but the application has been upgraded many times. At its peak, Skype was used by over 6,060 million people and around 300 million active monthly users.
Source: Wikipedia
WordPressWordPress.org or WP is a content management system that’s free and open-source software. It combines MariaDB database and MySQL along with a large template system and a plugin architecture. It was made originally for bloggers, but it can now support all kinds of web content, such as learning management systems, e-commerce stores, forums, mailing lists, and so on.
Source: Wikipedia
MySpace – the first globally popular social networking site that was commercially available. It was created by Tom Anderson, Jon Hart, and Christ DeWolfe in 2003. From 2005 to 2009 it was the most successful social network that had over 100 million monthly users. It had a huge impact on the development of social media and is currently a music-based social networking site.
Source: Wikipedia
Safari browser – a graphical browser launched by Apple Inc. in 2003. It uses the WebKit engine and it was a desktop browser at first until Apple introduced its first iPhone in 2007. It’s a standard web browser for all Apple devices and there was also a Windows version that was shut down in 2012.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
45,955,158 hosts
31,580,000 domain names
21,335,629 websites
587 million Internet users

2004

Facebook was created in 2004. At first it was called “The Facebook” and it wasn’t meant to be used as a global social network. It was an online directory for college students to help them connect. It was created by a group of Harvard College students Mark Zuckeberg, Chris Hughes, Dusting Moskovitz, Andrew McCollum, and Eduardo Saverin. Overnight Facebook got over 1,000 registrations and soon enough, the network expanded to other large universities in the US.

Source: Wikipedia

Source: PopularMechanics.com

Gmail was first launched. At the time, the most popular email services were Yahoo that gave its users 4MB of free storage and Hotmail that provided 2MB. But when Google announced the release of Gmail, they shocked the world when they promised that their email service would give 1GB of free space to its users.

Even though many thought this was only marketing talk, Google delivered. This made a great impact on how much storage space email providers gave to users. Megabytes simply weren’t enough anymore. It sparked a storage war that Gmail ultimately won as almost nobody uses Yahoo or Hotmail today.

Source: Wikipedia

This was the same year when Digg was created. Initially it was a tech news hub but over time Digg expanded into various areas such as entertainment, economy, and politics. This news site is socially moderated meaning that the users decide what happens on the platform and how it evolves. It’s one of the most popular Web 2.0 products even though it wasn’t acquired by any major tech company. Sadly, Digg couldn’t keep up with the newer online technologies and designs, which drove its users away over time.

Source: Mashable

The video and image hosting service Flickr was launched. This online platform and community was made by Ludicorp and it quickly gained popularity with both professional and amateur photographers who could use it to host and post high resolution photos they’ve made.

Source: seowebmarketing

Blizzard Entertainment created and published its MMORPG called the World of Warcraft. Even though it wasn’t the first MMORPG, for many people it was because it became the most popular game for a certain time and the most popular game ever in the genre.

Source: Wikipedia  

OPENWORLD LTD was founded by Dorcas Muthoni. This software company was crucial in developing and delivering some of the most important cloud and web-based applications throughout the African continent.

Source: Lioness of Africa

People
Mark Zuckerberg – born in White Plains, New York in 1984. An internet entrepreneur and media magnate, best known as the CEO of Facebook and one of the main-contributing founders. He’s also the board member and founder of the “Breakthrough Starshot” project. He’s the main shareholder of Facebook and is currently the 4th richest person on Earth, according to Forbes.
Source: Wikipedia
Mahabir Pun – born in Myagdi District, Nepal in 1955. He is a respected teacher, activist, and social entrepreneur. He is the leader of the Nepal Wireless Networking Project which was instrumental in bringing internet connectivity and wireless technology in Nepal and its rural areas around the Himalayas.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
Facebook – a social media giant from Menlo Park, California. Initially, Facebook was a network for Harvard students but it expanded to Yale, Stanford, and Columbia before it went public in 2006 and everyone could register. Facebook “inherited” MySpace as a leading global social network in 2009 and also acquired the second most popular social network, “Instagram”.
Source: Wikipedia
Gmail – an email service owned and created by Google in 2004. It uses the IMAP and POP protocols to synchronize email content when accessed through different programs or devices. It was the first web email service that offered 1GB of storage space when others only offered a couple of MBs. In October 2018, Gmail had over 1.5 billion active users.
Source: Wikipedia
Flickr – a hosting platform for video and image content founded in 2004. Flickr is very popular among photographers and videographers. It has a rich database of photos and videos that can be accessed by anyone. However, to upload content you need to be a member of the community with a registered profile.
Source: Wikipedia
Digg – a social news web application with stories about science, internet issues, and politics. It had a social architecture where people could vote if they liked a piece of content or not. This was known as “digging” and “burying” and this is where the name of the site comes from. But since 2012 the site has turned into a support platform for sharing stories on social media like Facebook or Twitter.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
56,896,710 hosts
45,175,199 domain names
25,942,131 websites
817 million Internet users

2005

YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim – three former employees of PayPal. It was a perfect moment for creating this kind of service, as web-based and flash-based video sharing was booming. In a short period of time, YouTube became the main engine for revolutionizing web-based video. Even though it didn’t have the best video quality, it was approachable and easy to use. YouTube also hosted the first-ever online presidential debate in the United States. Google acquired YouTube in 2006 for $1.6 billion.

Source: Cnet

Aaron Swartz, Steve Huffman, and Alexis Ohanian started Reddit – a discussion, content rating, and social news aggregation website.

Source: Wikipedia

Google announced the launch of its Web mapping site called “Google Maps”. At first, it was designed as a desktop program developed by a company called “Where 2 Technologies”. However, it was quickly acquired by Google and transformed into a web mapping service.

Source: Wikipedia

Dial-up internet connections became obsolete, as they were surpassed by high-speed broadband internet connections. The number of broadband internet users in the US surpasses narrow-band users.

Source: The Wall Street Journal

People
Jawed Karim – born in Merseburg, Germany in 1979. An internet entrepreneur and software engineer that co-founded YouTube. The first video ever on YouTube was uploaded by Karim with the name “Me at the Zoo” in April 2005. He designed some of the essential components of the platform such as the anti-fraud system that works in real-time.
Source: Wikipedia
Steve Chen – born in Taipei, Taiwan in 1978. He is the former CTO of YouTube and a co-founder of the- platform. He also created an app for video sharing called MixBit and co-founded AVOS Systems Inc. Since 2014 he has been a member of Google Ventures.
Source: Wikipedia
Chad Hurley – born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1977. He is the co-founder of MixBit and YouTube. Hurley is also the former Chief Executive Officer of these companies. Together with Steve Chen, he is responsible for selling YouTube to Google and making the acquisition a reality. While working for PayPal, he was instrumental in designing the company’s logo.
Source: Wikipedia
Alexis Ohanian – born in Brooklyn, New York in 1983. A known venture capitalist and internet entrepreneur. One of the co-founders of Reddit and Initialized Capital. He created Breadpig and Hipmunk and was one of the leading partners at Y Combinator.
Source: Wikipedia
Steve Huffman – born in 1983. An internet entrepreneur and web developer that co-founded Reddit. Huffman is currently the CEO of the website and was also one of the co-founders of Hipmunk. Even though he is the leader of one of the top websites in the world he is a strong advocate of Net Neutrality.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
YouTube – the most well-known video hosting service/video-sharing/video-based social media site. Users can create profiles on YouTube and upload videos, share videos, create playlists, comment, subscribe to channels, view, and rate content. Anyone can upload and create videos on YouTube, whether they are individuals or companies.
Source: Wikipedia
Reddit – the most popular discussion forum and news aggregator site in the world. It includes thousands of forums where people discuss a variety of topics from technology, pop culture, to bath salts. In terms of popularity it’s the 17th site in the world and 7th in the US. Users can add content like images, text posts, or links.
Source: Wikipedia
Google Maps – a commercial Web mapping site owned by Google. Google Maps is available for anyone to use. It offers street view, route planning, traffic conditions, street maps, aerial photos, and satellite images that people can use in real-time. The company invested millions of dollars to take photos of cities via plane, take satellite images of the landscape around cities, and make 360 degree images with Google Cars for the street view option.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
74,353,725 hosts
60,783,042 domain names
34,401,084 websites
1.018 million Internet users

2006

Noah Glass, Biz Stone, Evan Williams, and Jack Dorsey launched Twitter. The site would eventually grow into one of the largest social media platforms.

Source: Business Insider

VKontakte was launched. This social network is designed for Russia and Russian-speaking regions. It grew quickly in popularity and became “the Facebook of Russia”. Its founders are Lev Binzumovich Leviev, Yitzchak Mirilashvili, Pavel Durov, and Nikolai Durov.

Source: Wikipedia

jQuery was presented by John Resig. It would quickly grow into the largest JavaScript library.

Source: Wikipedia 

Key people
Jack Dorsey – born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1976. A tech entrepreneur best known as the CEO and co-founder of both Square and Twitter. He is also the board member of Berggruen Institute’s Governance Center. Dorsey is one of the most successful internet entrepreneurs with a net worth over 10 billion.
Source: Wikipedia
Evan Williams – born in Clarks, Nebraska in 1972. Best known as the former Chief Executive Officer of Twitter and CEO. Williams is also the co-founder of Twitter, Medium, and Blogger. Initially, he and Meg Hourihan created Pyra Labs that was supposed to be a project management software, but it evolved into Blogger.
Source: Wikipedia
Biz Stone – born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1974. He is one of the co-founders of Twitter. He also worked at Xanga as the creative director and launched Jelly together with Ben Finkel. Stone was the CEO of Jelly until 2017 when the company was acquired by Pinterest. After that stone decided to come back and work for Twitter Inc.
Source: Wikipedia
Noah Glass – date of birth unknown. Glass is an internet entrepreneur that is best known as the co-founder of Odeo and Twitter. He was instrumental in creating Twitter and naming the platform. Even though his work was important for the launch of the company, he left in 2006.
Source: Wikipedia
Pavel Durov – born in Saint Petersburg in 1984. He is the founder of Telegram Messenger and VK. This internet entrepreneur is also a member of the Young Global Leaders Forum and World Economic Forum. He was the CEO of VK until 2014 after which he decided to travel the world in exile. Nikolai Durov is his older brother and together they founded VK.
Source: Wikipedia
John Resig – born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1984. A JavaScript programming expert who created jQuery. Resig worked on various JavaScript projects that are still essential for the development of the web. He also wrote two books on JavaScript: “Pro JavaScript Techniques” and “Secrets of the JavaScript Ninja”. He also works at Khan Academy, giving free education to people all across the globe.
Source: Johnresig.com, Wikipedia

Companies and technologies
Twitter – One of the most popular social networks in the world along with Facebook and Instagram. Twitter is also a microblogging service that lets people interact with short messages. It was founded in 2006 and by 2012 it had over 100 active users. The first project code for Twitter was called “twttr”, which Noah Glass transformed into Twitter.
Source: Wikipedia
VK (VKontakte) – translation: “InContact”. A predominantly Russian social network even though it offers multiple language options. VK is similar to Facebook as it allows users to message each other, create posts, events, groups, or pages. It also allows sharing videos, audio, and images and playing various browser games. VK is the most popular site in Russia and 14th most popular site globally.
Source: Wikipedia
jQuery – a JavaScript library created by John Resig in 2006. Resig created the library to make event handling, HTML DOM usage, and event handling easier. It has the MIT License and is an open-source software that can be used for free. Its syntax makes developing Ajax applications easier and lets developers build their own plug-ins.
Source: Wikipedia

Key statistics
105,179,587 hosts
79,580,008 domain names
49,247,263 websites
1
.093 million Internet users

2007

The iPhone was created by Apple Inc, which marked the turning point in mobile internet development. The first iPhone was introduced to the public with 4GB and 8GB storage options. They were sold respectively for $499 and $599.

Source: Wikipedia

Ermanno Pietrosemoli achieved the official world record for the largest Wi-Fi connection that spread over 382 km.

Source: Cnet

Estonia used the internet for voting in their parliamentary election, becoming the first country in the world to use the internet for voting.

Source: Wikipedia

Netflix introduced its streaming services. Even though Netflix was founded in 1997, its core services were movie rentals. However, in 2007 the company introduced a new type of service called “streaming” that allowed users to watch films, TV shows, and documentaries instantly over their website. Netflix became the largest video streaming platform and today it’s the synonym for streaming.

Source: PopularMechanics.com

An electronic musician and sound designer from Sweden Eric Wahlforss and Alexander Ljung created SoundCloud in Berlin, Germany. The official website was launched a year later.

Source: Pagan Research

Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowsi created Dropbox. Houston was instrumental in expanding the idea behind Dropbox and making it a global service used by millions of people.

Source: Dropbox

People
Ermanno Pietrosemoli – date of birth unknown. Currently working as researcher at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste. Ermanno has been spreading the internet ever since it started. He helped deploy low cost technical solutions and wireless communication in countries like the USA, Venezuela, Peru, Morocco, Mexico, Italy, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina, and so on.
Source: IEEE.org
Alexander Ljung – born in the United Kingdom in 1981. He is one of the co-founders of SoundCloud and its Managing Director and CEO. He is a motion film music producer and sound designer that specializes in post-production. Before founding SoundCloud he worked at SF Anytime as Business & Product Developer.
Source: Crunchbase
Eric Wahlforss – data of birth unknown. One of the founders of SoundCloud. He is the Chief Technology Officer of the company. Apart from working at the company he is a full-time music artist performing by the name “Fortress.” He also co-created the “Strategy & Interaction” web consultancy network before starting SoundCloud.
Source: gotopia
Drew Houston – born in Acton, Massachusetts in 1983. One of the co-founders of Dropbox and the CEO of the company. This internet entrepreneur has a net worth around $2.5 billion. Before founding Dropbox he worked on various startups including HubSpot, Accolade, and Bit9. He currently owns 25% of Dropbox.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
iPhone – the most popular smartphone in the world. Developed by Apple Inc. and released in 2007. Since then, Apple sold over 2.5 billion iPhones around the world. Even though it’s one of the most expensive smartphones, the marketing buzz, along with the smooth running hardware and software, made it very popular.
Source: Wikipedia 
SoundCloud – a music community, social network, and music sharing platform. Users can create their profiles on SoundCloud, upload their music, share it with others, and promote it in different ways. It’s one of the largest websites of its kind with around 175 million monthly users. SoundCloud Limited is based in Berlin, Germany.
Source: Wikipedia
Dropbox – a file sharing and hosting platform. Dropbox has cloud storage, client software, personal cloud storage, and offers file synchronization. It received its first funding from Y Combinator and at one point it was the most valuable startup in the whole world, being valued at more than $10 billion.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
155,230,051 hosts
95,115,501 domain names
68,060,458 websites
1.319 million Internet users

2008

Apple launched its software digital market for iOS devices called the App Store.

Source: Wikipedia

At the same time, Google also launched its software digital market “Android Market” for devices using Android operating systems. This store would later be named “Google Play”.

Source: Wikipedia

The first version of Google Chrome internet browser was released to the public by Google.

Source: Wikipedia

Satoshi Nakamoto created Blockchain. It was designed to be used as the public transaction ledger for all the transactions made via bitcoin cryptocurrency. There are speculations that the name Satoshi Nakamoto was a pseudonym for a group of people.

Source: Wikipedia

People
Satoshi Nakamoto – a pseudonym used by a group of people who created blockchain and bitcoin. This name is also the name behind the first blockchain database, bitcoin reference implementation, and bitcoin white paper. He (they) is also responsible for implementing a peer-to-peer network to prevent double spending with digital currencies.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
App Store – Apple’s App Store was launched in 2008. This digital platform lets users download various apps on their iPhones. Later the platform was expanded to all Apple devices including iPads, Apple Watches, and iPod Touch. It initially had 500 applications, but the number reached 2.2 million in 2017.
Source: Wikipedia
Google Play – a digital distribution service for Android smartphones created by Google. Initially it was called “Android Market”, but the name was changed. It can be used for downloading applications for Android devices but also TV shows, movies, books, music, and much more.
Source: Wikipedia
Chrome – Google’s official web browser. Initially released for Windows OS in 2008 it was later extended to other operating systems including iOS, macOS, Android, and Linux. The source code of Chrome comes mainly from “Chromium”, which is a free open-source software made by Google. However, the browser has a proprietary freeware license. Google Chrome is the most popular web browser in the world.
Source: Wikipedia
Blockchain – a large list of blocks that are linked together with cryptography. Every record has a cryptographic hash timestamp or a transaction data connected to the previous block. This open distributed ledger doesn’t allow data to be modified. That’s why it’s great for creating safe and reliable transactions between two people.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
182,727,854 hosts
105,023,604 domain names
72,605,663 websites
1.574 million Internet users

2009

The alias Satoshi Nakamoto appeared again to present Bitcoin to the world.

Source: Wikipedia

Evan Sharp, Paul Sciarra, and Ben Silberman finished their work on creating Pinterest and launched the platform. Initially, it was imagined as a website for sharing photos, but it quickly evolved into a social network as well.

Source: Wikipedia

Google acquired the GrandCentral telephone service and launched Google Voice. It’s basically an upgraded and rebranded version of GrandCentral.

Source: Wikipedia

A messenger app called WhatsApp was founded.

Source: Wikipedia

Microsoft launched its own search engine to complete with Google – Bing.

Source: Wikipedia

Garret Camp and Travis Kalanick founded Uber in March.

Source: Wikipedia

TeliaSonera launched the 4G network publicly. This was the first telecom operator ever to offer 4G commercially.

Source: Wikipedia

People
Satoshi Nakamoto – a pseudonym used by a group of people who created blockchain and bitcoin. This name is also the name behind the first blockchain database, bitcoin reference implementation, and bitcoin white paper. He (they) is also responsible for implementing a peer-to-peer network to prevent double spending with digital currencies.
Source: Wikipedia
Travis Kalanick – born in Los Angeles, California in 1976. A successful businessman that co-founded Uber, Red Swoosh, and Scour. He is also the former Chief Executive Officer of Uber. Due to the scandal that made him quit Uber, Kalanick also sold most of his shares at Uber. He is one of the richest people in the world.
Source: Wikipedia
Garrett Camp – born in Calgary, Alberta in 1978. A product designed and internet entrepreneur. He is best known as one of the co-founders of Uber, and he is also a board member of the company. Apart from that, he founded many other successful companies, including StumbleUpon and Expa.
Source: Wikipedia

Technologies & companies
Bitcoin – the first ever cryptocurrency released in 2009 as on open-source software implementation. Created by Satoshi Nakamoto which is a group of anonymous developers. It doesn’t have any administrators and is completely decentralized. Network nodes verify transactions and there is no need for intermediaries since there is a peer-to-peer network.
Source: Wikipedia
Google voice – a telephone service created by Google in 2009 after acquiring GrandCentral. It offers text messaging, voice messaging, voicemail, and call forwarding. It was one of the first commercially popular Voice over Internet Protocol phone services. It works strictly over the internet, giving more flexibility to users.
Source: Tom’s Guide
WhatsApp – a messenger platform that combines several communication methods. It’s a VoIP service created by WhatsApp Inc. but it was acquired by Facebook. It can be used on both desktop computers and mobile devices. It requires a phone number to be added before you can start using the app.
Source: Wikipedia
Uber – Uber Technologies Inc. is a service that lets users hire vehicles, get food deliveries, send out couriers, transport packages, and rent motorized scooters online. At the moment, Uber covers more than 900 metropolitan areas in the world.
Source: Wikipedia
4G – the 4th generation of cellular networks. It’s defined by IMT Advanced and ITU requirements. The current applications of 4G include 3D TV, HD mobile TV, video conferencing, gaming IP telephony, and mobile web access.
Source: Wikipedia

Statistics
243,848,493 hosts
111,889,734 domain names
79,610,999 websites
1.802 million Internet users

To Be Continued

2 comments on “Who Invented The Internet? Internet History: 2000–2009 Timeline (Part 7)”

  1. Ankita

    Fantastic post! Your insights and detailed explanations really helped deepen my understanding of this topic. Looking forward to more content like this.

  2. Venkata Panchumarthi

    Hi i am Venkata Panchumarthi.
    Awesome. This article is very nice and it gives lot of information. I read the excellent article in recent days its helped me a lot. Thanks for sharing such a nice article.

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